319th in Mediterranean
- Activated in June, 1942 as the 319th Bombardment Group
- Assigned to the 12th Air Force
- Trained in Martin B-26 Maurders and moved via England to N. Africa,
participated in landing at Arzeu beach
- Became known as the "Big Tail Birds"
- Briefly assigned to the 15th Air Force, Nov. 1943 - Jan. 1944
- Action in Tunisia: attacking airdromes, harbors and rail facilities
- Action in Sicily: the reduction of Pantelleria
- Action in support of ground forces at Solarno and Anzio
- The reduction of Monte Cassino
- Awarded Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission on March 3, 1944
bombing rail facilities in Rome
- Awarded second DUC for striking marshalling yards in Florence on March 11, 1944
- Awarded French Croix de Guerre with Palm for action in preparation for and support of Allied offensive in Italy
- Bombed targets in the Po Valley and in Yugoslavia July-Dec 1944
- Converted to B-25s and later A-26s without interrupting combat
319th in the Pacific and After
- First complete AAF unit sent from Europe to the Pacific.
- Reached Okinawa on July 1945
- Flew 22 mission over China and Japan
- 6-abreast A-26 take-offs earned the 319th the name,"Colonel Randy's Flying Circus"
- Astronaut Deke Slayton served with the 319th.
- On August 9, crews on mission to Kanoya Airfield saw atomic cloud over Nagasaki
- Awarded 3 Battle Stars: Air Offensive Japan, Air Offensive China, and the Ryukyus Campaign.
- 515 missions and awarded 12 Battle Streamers by War's end.
- After the war, became the SAC 319th Bomb Wing: flying B-52s and B-1Bs based
in Grand Forks, North Dakota.